RECON Online Working Paper 2010/23

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Gender Equality in the European Union 

Lessons for Democracy?


Sara Clavero and Yvonne Galligan (Queen's University, Belfast)



The gendered nature of democratic decision-making in the EU is the focus of this paper. It outlines a theoretical model of democracy that looks at public decision-making processes through a gender lens: gender democracy. It then takes two instances of democratic decision-making in the European Union relevant to gender equality: the Goods and Services Directive and the Recast Equality Directive. Using the concept 'gender democracy', the paper illuminates the contingent treatment of gender interests in democratic politics at EU level.   


Deliberative Democracy ― Democracy ― Directives ― Equal Opportunities ― European Union ― Gender Democracy ― Gender Equality ― Gender Policy

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